Slide background
Slide background




Orgalime comments on the evaluation of the Product Liability Directive

ID 4010 | | Visite: 2644 | Direttiva Sicurezza ProdottiPermalink: https://www.certifico.com/id/4010

Orgalime comments on the evaluation of the Product Liability Directive

Brusseles 25.04.2017

Orgalime welcomes the opportunity to comment on the evaluation of the Product Liability Directive (Directive 85/374/EEC). The Directive, thanks to its technology-neutral provisions, has created legal certainty while enabling technological development over the past years. Orgalime does not see a need to revise this Directive at this point in time.

The Product Liability Directive is fit for purpose and will continue to meet its objectives of striking the right balance, in terms of liability, for damage caused by a defective product in a fair way.

 The product liabilty directive - still fit for purpose

Under the Directive, in case a defective product causes damage to the property of consumers or personal injury or death, the producer has to provide compensation according to strict liability. Under the Directive, it remains the task of the injured party to prove the defect, the damage and the causality link between the damage and the defect.

As the Product Liability Directive does not require the injured party to establish negligence, it provides a level of ease for the damaged party to claim for damages. Meanwhile, the producer is provided certain safeguards under article 7 limiting liability in such events where damage arises or is related to obvious circumstances beyond the control of a producer exercising due care. Orgalime finds that the Product Liability Directive strikes an operative balance between the interests of the
producers and those of the consumers. The level of certainty provided by the Directive contributes to company risk management policies and also helps insurance valuation.

Orgalime further notes the importance of time period limitations, value thresholds for property damage and delimitation of property damage to private property set forth in the Directive. Orgalime
finds that for the purposes of maintaining a fair and balanced product liability regime, it is important to maintain these delimitations, noting however that the Directive may not affect any rights which an injured person may have according to the rules of the law of contractual or non-contractual liability or such special liability systems existing at the moment when the Directive was initially notified.

Orgalime finds that the Directive, as an essential and technology-neutral part of the framework of liability legislation, is fit for purpose. Orgalime however recognizes that Products are evolving and therefore finds the Commission's review of the Directive timely and appropriate.
It has to be noted that, already now, every specific case needs to be carefully analysed to decide who is liable vis-a-vis the consumer, for instance when different components are assembled. When necessary, it has been and will be always up to the judge, with the support of technical experts, to decide in the specific case.

Fonte: Orgalime

The European legal framework is a complex and comprehensive array of legislation based on both specific mandatory public order legislation and civil law. Besides the Product Liability Directive it includes product safety legislation such as the Machinery Directive (Directive 2006/42/EC), the Low Voltage Directive (LVD) (Directive 2014/35/EU), the General Product Safety Directive (GPSD – Directive 2001/95/EC) and safety at work directives. Such legislation aims to ensure the safety of products used by workers and consumers by rendering the manufacturer liable for the safety of products placed on the market. In spite of an approach which is more intricate than the one used in similar economies such as the USA, Europe has, through its existing, finely tuned and stable regulatory framework, been successful in reducing accident rates to comparable levels, while still enabling European companies to remain competitive on global markets.

Conclusions

Given the complexity of future products and level of autonomy, the task of attributing a particular damage to a defect will become increasingly difficult. Orgalime finds that the answer to this problem
will not be resolved in legislation alone, but more in the supply chain of new innovative products and services. It is more and more important to consider contractual and non-contractual liability at the very beginning of each automation or IoT venture, and to find meaningful ways to cover them contractually by using existing regulations and applying relevant legal principles. In the world of complex devices and services, additional flexible contract solutions will be needed in case unpredictable circumstances arise. Orgalime emphasizes that product liability can also be based on the breach of an express or implied contractual term concerning the quality or safety of a product.

Orgalime finds that technical solutions are needed. In automated devices where risks that property or personal damage may occur, data recording and storage devices will most likely be installed in order to establish the chain of events that resulted in causing the damage. Sector specific standards will likely be needed to address what is the minimum set of data needed to establish liability.

In the past thirty years, the Product Liability Directive has ensured legal certainty while enabling technological development in Europe, enabling the European engineering industries to innovate and develop new technologies and remain competitive. Going forward, Orgalime would like the Directive to keep true to its aim of striking a fair balance between the different interests involved.

 

DescrizioneLinguaDimensioneDownloads
Scarica questo file (Orgalime PP Product Liability Directive.pdf)Orgalime PP Product Liability Directive
Direttiva 85/374/CEE
EN285 kB584

Tags: Direttiva sicurezza generale prodotti MarcaturaCE

Articoli correlati

Ultimi archiviati Marcatura CE

RAPEX EU
Gen 16, 2022 26

RAPEX 2022

in RAPEX
RAPEX: Rapid Alert System for non-food consumer products Archivio prodotti pericolosi Creato nel 1984, il RAPEX (Rapid Alert System for non-food consumer products) ha la funzione di prevenire i rischi per la salute e sicurezza dei consumatori relativa a prodotti non alimentari in commercio, con uno… Leggi tutto
Orientamenti applicazione articolo 9 Regolamento UE 2019 1020
Gen 10, 2022 49

Orientamenti applicazione art. 9 Regolamento (UE) 2019/1020

Orientamenti applicazione articolo 9 Regolamento (UE) 2019/1020 EU - 10.01.2022 Orientamenti sull'applicazione dell'articolo 9 del regolamento (UE) 2019/1020 riguardante le attività congiunte per promuovere la conformità Le autorità di vigilanza del mercato di tutta l'UE partecipano a numerose… Leggi tutto
Dic 24, 2021 89

Decreto Legislativo 31 luglio 1997 n. 277

Decreto Legislativo 31 luglio 1997 n. 277 Modificazioni al decreto legislativo 25 novembre 1996, n. 626, recante attuazione della direttiva 93/68/CEE in materia di marcatura CE del materiale elettrico destinato ad essere utilizzato entro taluni limiti di tensione. (GU n.193 del 20.08.1997) Abrogato… Leggi tutto
Dic 24, 2021 73

Decreto Legislativo 25 novembre 1996 n. 626

Decreto Legislativo 25 novembre 1996 n. 626 Attuazione della direttiva 93/68/CEE in materia di marcatura CE del materiale elettrico destinato ad essere utilizzato entro taluni limiti di tensione. Entrata in vigore: 29/12/1996 (GU n.293 del 14.12.1996 - S.O. n. 219) Abrogato da: Decreto Legislativo… Leggi tutto
Dic 24, 2021 95

Direttiva 73/23/CEE

Direttiva 73/23/CEE Direttiva 73/23/CEE del Consiglio, del 19 febbraio 1973, concernente il ravvicinamento delle legislazioni degli Stati Membri relative al materiale elettrico destinato ad essere adoperato entro taluni limiti di tensione (GU L 77 del 26.3.1973) Abrogata da: Direttiva 2006/95/CE… Leggi tutto
Dic 09, 2021 138

Rettifica del regolamento (UE) 2019/1020 | 09.12.2021

Rettifica del regolamento (UE) 2019/1020 | 09.12.2021 Rettifica del regolamento (UE) 2019/1020 del Parlamento europeo e del Consiglio, del 20 giugno 2019, sulla vigilanza del mercato e sulla conformità dei prodotti e che modifica la direttiva 2004/42/CE e i regolamenti (CE) n. 765/2008 e (UE) n.… Leggi tutto

Più letti Marcatura CE