ID 4544 | Rev. 1.0 del 04.07.2021 / Documento completo allegato e Preview di tutte le norme ANSI B.11
Gli standard ANSI B.11.X sono il riferimento tecnico per la sicurezza delle macchine nel mercato americano.
In particolare si elencano e si sintetizzano le norme della Serie:
ANSI B11.0 - 2020
Safety of Machinery
This type-A standard applies to new, existing, modified or rebuilt power driven machines, not portable by hand while working, that are used to process materials by cutting; forming; pressure; electrical, thermal or optical techniques; lamination; or a combination of these processes. This includes associated equipment used to transfer material or tooling, including fixtures, to assemble/disassemble, and to inspect or test. The associated equipment, including logic controller(s) and associated software or logic together with the machine actuators and sensors, are considered a part of the industrial machinery.
ANSI B11.1 - 2009 (R2020)
Safety Requirements For Mechanical Power Presses
The requirements of this standard apply only to those mechanically powered machines, commonly referred to as mechanical power presses, which transmit force mechanically to cut, form, or assemble metal or other materials by means of tools or dies attached to or operated by slides.
ANSI B11.2 - 2013 (R2020)
Safety Requirements For Hydraulic And Pneumatic Presses
The requirements of this standard apply only to those hydraulically or pneumatically powered machines, commonly referred to as hydraulic / pneumatic power presses, which transmit force to cut, form, or assemble metal or other materials by means of tools or dies attached to or operated by plungers or slides, and include the following: manually fed presses; automatically fed presses; presses utilized for hydroforming, spotting or tryout; transfer presses; tandem line presses; presses used in production cells
ANSI B11.3 - 2012 (R2020)
Safety Requirements For Power Press Brakes
The requirements of this standard apply to those machines classified as power press brakes (herein referred to as simply "press brakes") which are designed and constructed for the specific purpose of bending material.
ANSI B11.4 - 2003 (R2020)
Safety Requirements For Shears
This standard applies to those mechanically, hydraulically, hydro-mechanically or pneumatically powered shears used to cut material by shearing, and which utilize a fixed blade(s) and non-rotary moving blade(s).
ANSI B11.5 - 1988 (R2020)
Machines - Ironworkers -Safety Requirements For Construction, Care And Use
The requirements of this standard apply to those combination, multipurpose powered machines that punch, shear, notch, cope, and form metals or other materials, commouly referred to as ironworkers.
ANSI B11.6 - 2001 (R2020)
Safety Requirements For Manual Turning Machines With Or Without Auto Control
This standard specifies safety requirements for the design, construction, operation and maintenance (including installation, dismantling, and transport) of the general class of manually controlled horizontal and vertical spindle turning machines. Machines covered by this standard are intended to work metals and other man–made materials. This standard also applies to devices that are integral to the machine. These machines may have automatic capability but may not be equipped with automatic part handling or bar–feed mechanisms nor automatic tool changing systems.
ANSI B11.7 - 2020
Safety Requirements For Cold Headers And Cold Formers
The requirements of this standard apply only to those mechanically powered machines commonly referred to as cold headers and cold formers, which perform many operations such as shearing, heading, upsetting, extruding, trimming, forming, cold working, or warm forming material by means of tools and dies.
ANSI B11.8 - 2001 (R2020)
Safety Requirements For Manual Milling, Drilling, & Boring Machines With Or Without Automatic Control
This standard specifies safety requirements for the design, construction, operation and maintenance (including installation, dismantling and transport) of manually controlled milling, drilling, and boring machines. This standard also applies to devices that are integral to the machine. These machines may have automatic capability but may not be equipped with automatic tool changing or automatic part handling systems.
ANSI B11.9 - 2010 (R2020)
Safety Requirements For Grinding Machines
This standard applies to all stationary grinding machines, used in either industrial or commercial applications that utilize an abrasive product to change the shape, size or surface finish of any material. This standard also applies to these machines when they are grinding materials other than metals such as glass, ceramics, plastics, and rubber. Excluded from the requirements of this standard are: portable hand-held grinding machines, machines using loose abrasives, machines used in wood-working applications, or machines used for concrete cutting in road construction. Also, this standard does not apply to honing machines, lapping machines, polishing machines or belt grinding machines.
ANSI B11.10 - 2003 (R2020)
Safety Requirements For Metal Sawing Machines
This standard specifies safety requirements for the design, construction, modification, operation and maintenance (including installation, dismantling and transport) of a general class of stationary machine tools that use a saw blade (tool) to cut off or change the shape of the workpiece. This standard also applies to ancillary devices integrated into the machine (e.g., part handling mechanisms, chip handling systems). Excluded from the requirements of this standard are: woodworking/sawing machines; stonecutting sawing machines; food-processing sawing machines; abrasive-sawing machines; and portable by-hand sawing machines.
ANSI B11.11 - 2001 (R2012)
Safety Requirements For Gear And Spline Cutting Machines
This standard specifies safety requirements for the design, construction, operation and maintenance (including installation, dismantling and transport) of gear and spline cutting machines (see 3.1). The requirements of this standard apply to machines with single or multiple spindles that are specifically constructed to produce gear teeth by the process of hobbing, milling, shaping, and broaching. It also applies to those machines that shave, hone, lap, or chamfer gear teeth and machines used to produce ratchet, spline, or sprocket teeth. The requirements of this standard do not apply to machines used for molding, rolling, flame cutting, gear grinding, stamping, impact forming, forging, and gear inspection. Power tools, portable by hand are also excluded from this standard.
ANSI B11.12-2005 (R2020)
Safety Requirements For Roll Forming & Roll Bending Machines
The requirements of this standard apply to any power-driven metal-forming machine that changes the shape or the direction, or both, of materials by use of rolls, rotary forming dies, and associated tooling. Excluded from the requirements for this standard are: assel mills; bar mills; bench presses; blooming mills; bulldozers; calendar mills; calendering rolls; compression benders; cross roll straighteners; cutoff and slitting equipment; dedimplers; draw benches; draw benders; entry and exit equipment; extruders; forging presses; forging reducing rolls; four-slide machines; hot bending presses; hot scalping pipe mills; iron workers; merchant mills; pipe benders; plate mills; plug rolling mills; power presses (all types); preliminary and post operations; press brakes; rockrite machines; rotary peeling mills; saws; shears; sheet mills; slab mills; spinning machines; stretch benders; swaging machines; thread rollers; tube benders; uncoilers; welders; wiring machines
Safety Requirements For Single-Spindle Or Multiple-Spindle Automatic Bar And Chucking Machine
This standard applies to single-spindle and multiple-spindle automatic bar and chucking machines in which all tool movement is controlled by the machine.
ANSI B11.14 - 1996
Coil Slitting Machines- Safety Requirements for Construction, Care & Use
[WITHDRAWN] Slitting Machine safety requirements now contained in ANSI B11.18.
ANSI B11.15 - 2001 (R2020)
Safety Requirements For Pipe, Tube And Shape Bending Machines
The requirements of this standard apply to any power-driven machine designed for bending pipe, tube, and shapes by means of bending dies, clamp dies, pressure dies, mandrels, wiper dies, vertical bending punches, radius dies, wing dies, and associated tooling
ANSI B11.16-2014 (R2020)
Machine Tools - Safety Requirements For Powder/Metal Compacting Presses (MPIF #47)
The requirements of this standard apply to those mechanically, hydraulically or direct drive machines that are designed, modified, or converted for the purpose of compressing metallic or nonmetallic powders.
ANSI B11.17-2004 (R2015)
Safety Requirements For Horizontal Hydraulic Extrusion Presses
The requirements of this standard apply to those horizontal hydraulically powered presses that extrude metals by means of applying sufficient pressure to an individual metal billet, confined within a container, to force the metal to be extruded through the configured openings of a die. Included are horizontal hydraulically powered presses that produce extruded shapes by the extrusion process, either direct or indirect. Excluded from the requirements for this standard are: hydrostatic extrusion presses; vertical extrusion presses; laboratory presses used to develop extrusion techniques for new materials and products; and extruding machines of unconventional design.
ANSI B11.18-2006 (R2020)
Safety Requirements For Machines Processing Or Slitting Coiled Or Non-Coiled Metal
This standard applies to machines, and groups of machines arranged in production systems, for processing strip, sheet, or plate metal from a coiled or non-coiled configuration through machines that size or otherwise convert the metal into desired configurations. The terms "strip, sheet or plate" are used interchangeably without dimensional implications. Typical machinery systems include: cut-to-length lines; press feed lines; and slitting lines.
Performance Requirements For Risk Reduction Measures: Safeguarding And Other Means Of Reducing Risk
This standard provides performance requirements for the design, construction, installation, operation, and maintenance of the risk reduction measures listed below when applied to machines -inherently safe by design (see clause 7); engineering controls – guards (see clause 8); engineering controls – control functions (see clause 9); engineering controls – devices (see clause 10); administrative controls (see clause 11).
Safety Requirements For Integrated Manufacturing Systems
Specifies the safety requirements for the design, construction, installation, set-up, operation, maintenance, modification and decommissioning of integrated manufacturing systems.
ANSI B11.21-2006 (R2020)
Safety Requirements For Machine Tools Using Lasers For Processing Materials
This standard applies to machine tools using a laser for processing materials, and its associated equipment. It describes the hazards generated by such machines and states the protective measures to be incorporated into such machines. The standard also contains requirements for the information provided with such machines.
ANSI B11.22-2002 (R2020)
Safety Requirements For Turning Centers And Automatic Numerically Controlled Turning Machines
This standard specifies the safety requirements for the design, construction, operation and maintenance (including installation, dismantling and transport) of turning centers and automatic numerically controlled turning machines
ANSI B11.23-2002 (R2020)
Safety Requirements For Machining Centers And Automatic Numerically Controlled Milling, Drilling And Boring Machines
This standard specifies the safety requirements for the design, construction, operation and maintenance (including installation, dismantling, and transport) of machining centers and automatic numerically controlled milling, drilling and boring machines.
ANSI B11.24-2002 (R2020)
Safety Requirements For Transfer Machines
This standard specifies the safety requirements for the design, construction, operation and maintenance (including installation, dismantling and transport) of transfer machines.
Safety Requirements For Large Machines.
This standard applies to machines with a work envelope equal to or greater than two cubic meters (2 m3) or two meters of linear axis travel, or where personnel are regularly required to enter into the working envelope to perform work or tasks. The requirements in this standard apply to all large machines, unless they are specifically covered in or by another standard. This document is intended to be used with both ANSI B11.0 and ANSI B11.19 to execute the risk assessment process and the safeguarding of machinery respectively. The requirements of this standard do not apply to turning machines and turning centers designed to accept work holding devices less than 500 mm (20 inches) outside diameter and with a distance between centers less than 2 meters (80 inches).
Machines - Functional Safety For Equipment: General Principles For The Design Of Safety Control Systems Using ISO 13849-1
Provides both requirements and guidance for the implementation of safety-related control functions (functional safety) as they relate to electrical, electronic, pneumatic, hydraulic, and mechanical components of control systems.
Safety Requirements For Electro Discharge Machines
This standard specifies safety requirements and/or risk reduction measures, applicable to Electro Discharge Machine (EDM) equipment and EDM systems, such as: (a) manually controlled - die sinking; - drilling machines. (b) numerically controlled - die sinking; - drilling machines; - wire cutting machines. This standard addresses hazardous conditions during the use and foreseeable misuse in normal environments and non-explosive atmospheres and associated machine tasks including transportation, installation, maintenance, repair and dismantling for removal or disposal. This standard is also applicable to auxiliary devices essential for EDM processing and includes information to be provided by the supplier to the user. This standard is not applicable to arc eroding and electro-chemical machining equipment.
Ergonomic Guidelines For The Design, Installation And Use Of Machine Tools (NOT AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD)
The purpose of this guideline is to provide a uniform approach to ergonomic considerations for machine tools within the workplace. This document addresses those considerations which will assist in design, installation and use of manufacturing systems, including individual and integrated machine tools and auxiliary components.
Mist Control Considerations For The Design, Installation And Use Of Machine Tools Metalworking Fluids"
This document provides guidelines for a uniform approach to the control of airborne contaminants generated by stationary machine tools used to cut and form materials. Control shall be through the proper design, installation, use, and maintenance of the machine tool and its support systems (such as, but not limited to, metalworking fluid delivery systems and air cleaning equipment).
B11.TR3 -2000 (R2015)
ANSI Technical Report For Machines - Risk Assessment And Risk Reduction - A Guide To Estimate, Evaluate And Reduce Risks Associated With Machine Tools
This ANSI Technical Report provides the procedures and methods to assess the risks associated with the design, construction, care and use of machine tools as included in the B11 series of machine tool safety standards. It serves as a guideline for suppliers and users of machine tools, providing a framework and procedure to identify tasks and hazards, and to estimate, evaluate, reduce and document the risks associated with these hazards under the various conditions of use of that machine or system.
Selection Of Programmable Electronic Systems (PES/PLC) For Machine Tools (NOT AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD)
The purpose of this Technical Report is to provide guidance for the design or selection, integration, and validation of PESs for the safety related functions of a machine production system. The terminology used in this document may not be used consistently throughout the industry, but this document does represent the concepts which are important when using and designing safety-related control systems.
ANSI Technical Report For Machines - Noise Level Measurement Guidelines - A Guide For Measuring, Evaluating, Documenting And Reporting Noise Levels Emitted By Machinery
Specifies methods for measuring, evaluating and documenting sound pressure levels emitted by a machine or machine production system(s) during normal operation and when running at idle. This technical report provides guidance for measuring and recording machine sound pressure levels that are the most compatible with the actual conditions encountered in industry, and allows the user to select equipment using ‘buy-quiet purchase specifications’ or to estimate the effect particular machinery will have on existing sound pressure levels once it is installed in the user’s facility.
Safety Control Systems For Machine Tools
This Technical Report provides guidance in understanding and implementing safety-related control functions (functional safety) as they relate to electrical, electronic, mechanical, pneumatic, hydraulic components and systems for machine tools covered by the B11 series of safety standards.
Designing For Safety And Lean Manufacturing: A Guide On Integrating Safety And Lean Manufacturing Principles In The Use Of Machinery
This Technical Report provides guidance on the practical application of safety and lean manufacturing principles to machines and manufacturing systems for improving performance, safety and quality by reducing injury and waste. The guidance in this technical report assists machine tool suppliers and users in minimizing waste and risk associated with machines and manufacturing systems, including individual and integrated machine tools and auxiliary components.
ANSI / ISO 12100 - 2012 (ISO 12100:2010 IDT)
Safety of machinery – General principles for design – Risk assessment and risk reduction
This standard defines technical principles to help designers in achieving safety in the design of machinery. ANSI / ISO 12100 is an “identical” national adoption of the ISO 12100:2010 standard, which is itself, an editorial combination of ISO 12100-1, ISO 12100-2 and ISO 14121. This standard is little changed from the 20+ year old EN 292 and EN 1050 standards which were the precursors to the ISO standards. Very little technical revision occurred to produce the 2003 ISO standards, which were then merged without any technical revision into a single ISO standard - ISO 12100:2010. This standard does not deal with damage to domestic animals, property or the environment.
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