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Transport of Dangerous Goods: relationship IMDG Code | ICAO TI | ADR | RID | ADN

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Tabella relazioni Accordi ADR RID ICAO IMDG ADN

Transport of dangerous goods: United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods

Annex, Table relationship with legal international instruments for the transport of dangerous goods: IMDG Code | ICAO TI | ADR | RID | ADN

For the transport of dangerous goods, the GHS is implemented through the "UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods. Model Regulations" and the following transport legal international instruments:

(a)  International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG Code);
(b)  ICAO Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air (ICAO TI);
(c)  European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR);            
(d)  Regulations concerning the International Transport of Dangerous Goods by Rail (RID);
(e)  European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Inland Waterways (ADN);

For the transport of dangerous goods, the GHS is implemented through the UN Model Regulations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods and the following transport legal international instruments:

The fifth revised edition of the GHS was implemented during the period 2014-2015 once the transport legal instruments mentioned in (a) to (e) above made mandatory the provisions of the 18th revised edition of the UN Model Regulations.

The sixth revised edition of the GHS will be implemented during the period 2016-2017 once the transport legal instruments mentioned in (a) to (e) above made mandatory the provisions of the 19th revised edition of the UN Model Regulations.

Figures 1 and 2 summarize the relationship between the different revised editions of the GHS and the UN Model Regulations and its related transport legal instruments.

Table UNECE

Table 1 
summarizes the status of implementation of the GHS (Rev.5), by hazard class, through the UN Model Regulations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods (Rev.18) and the major legal instruments regulating transport of dangerous goods.

MARITIME TRANSPORT:

International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (
IMDG Code)

Amendment 37-14 is harmonized (except as otherwise specified in table 1) with the 18th revised edition of the UN Model Regulations and will come into force on 1 January 2016 for two years although it may be applied in whole or in part, on a voluntary basis as from 1 January 2015. The IMDG Code is of mandatory application for 162 countries parties to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS).

AIR TRANSPORT:

ICAO Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air (ICAO TI)

The 2015-2016 edition of the ICAO TI is harmonized (except as otherwise specified in table 1) with the 18th revised edition of the UN Model Regulations and became applicable on 1 January 2015. The ICAO TI are of mandatory application for the 191 countries parties to the Convention on International Civil Aviation.

LAND TRANSPORT:

European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR)
(48 Contracting Parties) . The annexed regulations are also of mandatory application for domestic traffic in EU and EEA countries through European Directive 2008/68/EC (see note 1) and in the Russian Federation (Ordinance No.272 of 15 April 2011).

Regulations concerning the International Transport of Dangerous Goods by Rail (RID)
(43 Contracting Parties) (also of mandatory application for domestic traffic in EU and EEA countries through European Directive 2008/68/EC (see note 1)).

European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Inland Waterways (ADN)
At present, the Agreement has 18 Contracting Parties.

The Annexed Regulations are also of mandatory application for domestic traffic in EU and EEA countries through European Directive 2008/68/EC (see note 1) only for countries which are not linked by inland waterway to other EU countries.

The 2015 edition of RID/ADR/ADN (applicable since 1 January 2015) is harmonized except as otherwise specified in table 1 with the 18th revised edition of the UN Model Regulations.

Note 1: Directive 2008/68/EC applies to the transport of dangerous goods by road, by rail or by inland waterways within or between EU Member States. It makes direct reference to the relevant legal instruments implementing the provisions of the UN Model Regulations on the transport of Dangerous Goods by road, rail and inland waterways (i.e.: the European Agreement on the Transport of Dangerous Goods by road (ADR) and by inland waterways (ADN) and the Regulation concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by rail (RID)).  

The Directive entered into force on 20 October 2008. It continues to make ADR and RID applicable to road/rail transport of dangerous goods in the EU, and requires those States with inland waterways linked, by inland waterways, to waterways of other member States to apply the regulations annexed to ADN as from 1 July 2009 and at the latest by 1 July 2011 whether or not they are Parties to the ADN. Following its adoption, the following directives were repealed:

  1. Directives 94/55/EC and 96/49/EC (as amended) on the transport of dangerous goods;
  2. Directives 96/35/EC and 2000/18/EC on dangerous goods safety advisers; and
  3. Commission Decisions 2005/263/EC and 2005/180/EC (as amended) on national derogations from Directives 94/55/EC and 96/49/EC.

The annexes to the Directive are regularly adapted to take account of the amendments made to ADR/RID/ADN every two years. These adaptions are usually referred to as "adaptations to scientific and technical progress" (see Commission Directives 2010/61/EU of 2 September 2010, 2012/45/EU of 3 December 2012 and 2014/103/EU of 21 November 2014). For further information on European Union legislation on inland transport of dangerous goods refer to the European Commission website.

Fonte: UNECE

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