Slide background
Slide background
Slide background

BREF Non-Ferrous Metals Industries

ID 10836 | | Visite: 736 | Documenti Ambiente UEPermalink:

BREF Non Ferrous Metals Industries

Best Available Techniques (BAT) Reference Document for the Non-Ferrous Metals Industries Industrial Emissions

Directive 2010/75/EU (Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control)

The BAT reference document (BREF) entitled 'Non-Ferrous Metals Industries' forms part of a series presenting the results of an exchange of information between EU Member States, the industries concerned, non-governmental organisations promoting environmental protection, and the Commission, to draw up, review and, where necessary, update BAT reference documents as required by Article 13(1) of the Directive 2010/75/EU on industrial emissions.

This document is published by the European Commission pursuant to Article 13(6) of the Directive. This BREF for 'Non-Ferrous Metals Industries' concerns the activities specified in Sections 2 and 6.8 of Annex I to Directive 2010/75/EU, namely: 

- 2.1: Metal ore (including sulphide ore) roasting or sintering;
- 2.5: Processing of non-ferrous metals:
(a) production of non-ferrous crude metals from ore, concentrates or secondary raw materials by metallurgical, chemical or electrolytic processes;
(b) melting, including the alloyage, of non-ferrous metals, including recovered products and operation of non-ferrous metal foundries, with a melting capacity exceeding 4 tonnes per day for lead and cadmium or 20 tonnes per day for all other metals;
- 6.8: Production of carbon (hard-burnt coal) or electrographite by means of incineration or graphitisation.

This document also covers: 
- the production of zinc oxide from fumes during the production of other metals; 
- the production of nickel compounds from liquors during the production of a metal; 
- the production of silicon-calcium (CaSi) and silicon (Si) in the same furnace as the production of ferro-silicon; 
- the production of aluminium oxide from bauxite prior to the production of primary aluminium, where this is an integral part of the production of the metal; 
- the recycling of aluminium salt slag.

Important issues for the implementation of Directive 2010/75/EU in the non-ferrous metals industries are the emissions to air of dust, metals, organic compounds (which can result in the formation of PCDD/F) and sulphur dioxide; diffuse air emissions; emissions to water of metals (e.g. Hg, Cd, Cu, Pb, Zn); resource efficiency; and the prevention of emissions to soil and groundwater.

This BREF contains 12 chapters.

Chapters 1 and 2 provide general information on the non-ferrous metals industry and on the common industrial processes and techniques used within the whole sector.
Chapters 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 correspond to the following specific production sectors: copper, aluminium, lead and/or tin, zinc and/or cadmium, precious metals, ferro-alloys, nickel and/or cobalt, and carbon and graphite. For each specific production sector, these eight chapters provide information and data concerning the applied processes and techniques; the environmental performance of installations in terms of current emissions, consumption of raw materials, water and energy, and generation of waste; the techniques to prevent or, where this is not practicable, to reduce the environmental impact of operating installations in these sectors that were considered in determining the BAT; and the emerging techniques as defined in Article 3(14) of the Directive.
Chapter 11 presents the BAT conclusions as defined in Article 3(12) of the Directive. Chapter 12 is dedicated to concluding remarks and recommendations for future work.

JRC 2017

add more in attachment


Tags: Ambiente Emissioni Abbonati Ambiente

Articoli correlati

Ultimi archiviati Ambiente

Report   Study on Certification and Verification Schemes in the Forest Sector and for Wood based Products
Set 15, 2021 24

Report: Study on Certification and Verification Schemes in the Forest Sector and for Wood-based Products

Report: Study on Certification and Verification Schemes in the Forest Sector and for Wood-based Products / 2021 What is forest certification? What does it certify? How is it used? What can you tell from a certificate? The answers to these questions are fundamental to understanding the relationship… Leggi tutto
Set 11, 2021 42

Legge 21 ottobre 1994 n. 584

Legge 21 ottobre 1994 n. 584 Conversione in legge, con modificazioni, del decreto-legge 8 agosto 1994, n. 507, recante misure urgenti in materia di dighe. Entrata in vigore della legge: 22-10-1994 (GU n.247 del 21-10-1994) Collegati
Decreto-Legge 8 agosto 1994 n. 507
Leggi tutto
Set 11, 2021 35

Decreto-Legge 8 agosto 1994 n. 507

Decreto-Legge 8 agosto 1994 n. 507 Misure urgenti in materia di dighe. Entrata in vigore del decreto: 22-8-1994. (GU n.195 del 22-08-1994)
Conversione Decreto-Legge convertito con modificazioni dalla Legge 21 ottobre 1994, n. 584 (in G.U. 21/10/1994, n.247).
Aggiornamenti… Leggi tutto
Decreto 8 novembre 2010 n  260
Set 08, 2021 50

Decreto 8 novembre 2010 n. 260

Decreto 8 novembre 2010 n. 260 Regolamento recante i criteri tecnici per la classificazione dello stato dei corpi idrici superficiali, per la modifica delle norme tecniche del decreto legislativo 3 aprile 2006, n. 152, recante norme in materia ambientale, predisposto ai sensi dell’articolo 75,… Leggi tutto
European maritime transport environmental report 2021
Set 07, 2021 72

European maritime transport environmental report 2021

European maritime transport environmental report 2021 The European Maritime Transport Environmental Report (EMTER) provides a factual analysis of the environmental pressures exerted by the maritime transport sector, presents up-to-date information on the relevant EU and international environmental… Leggi tutto
Set 07, 2021 36

Decreto 29 novembre 2000

Decreto 29 novembre 2000 Criteri per la predisposizione, da parte delle societa' e degli enti gestori dei servizi pubblici di trasporto o delle relative infrastrutture, dei piani degli interventi di contenimento e abbattimento del rumore. (GU n.285 del 06.12.2000) Collegati[box-note]Rumore: Quadro… Leggi tutto
Linee guida monitoraggio rumore infrastrutture stradali
Set 07, 2021 64

Linee guida predisposizione piani di risanamento acustico infrastrutture di trasporto lineari

Linee guida per la predisposizione e la verifica dell’efficacia dei piani di risanamento acustico delle infrastrutture di trasporto lineari Delibera del Consiglio Federale Seduta del 20.10.2012 Doc. n. 23/12/CF La linea guida descrive le metodologie da adottare per la predisposizione dei Piani di… Leggi tutto

Più letti Ambiente