Slide background
Slide background
Slide background
Slide background

Guidance for bio-based products in procurement

ID 4606 | | Visite: 5148 | Documenti Ambiente UEPermalink:

Guidance for bio-based products in procurement

What are bio-based products?

Bio-based products are products that are wholly or partly made from biomass.
A bio-based product is normally characterized by the bio-based carbon content or the bio-based content.
The term “bio-based product” is often used to refer to a product which is partly bio-based. In those cases the claim should be accompanied by a quantification of the bio-based content.
These definitions are obtained from the European Standard EN 16575:2014 ‘Bio-based products – Vocabulary’. This standard defines general terms to be used in the field of bio-based products.

European Policy Framework

To implement bio-based products in procurement could support the objectives of the following European Policies:

- The Circular Economy Package (adopted on 2 December 2015) aims to stimulate Europe’s transition towards a circular economy.
- One of the purposes of The Bioeconomy Strategy (adopted on 13 February 2012) is to ensure that fossil fuels are replaced with sustainable natural alternatives as part of the shift to a post-petroleum society.
- Innovation procurement is stimulated through the Public Procurement Directives (adopted January 2014). Through innovation procurement procurers can drive innovation in the bio-based economy from the demand side.

Standards and labels for bio-based content

Standards available to determine bio-based content:

- CEN/TR 16721:2014 Overview of methods
- EN16785-1:2015 Bio-based products - Bio-based content - Part 1: Determination of the bio-based content using the radiocarbon analysis and elemental analysis
- ASTM D6866 Standard Test Methods for Determining the Biobased Content of Solid, Liquid, and Gaseous Samples Using Radiocarbon Analysis Labels available confirming bio-based content:
- OK bio-based label (Vinçotte)
- DIN Geprüft Bio-based label (DIN CERTO)

General Innovation Features

Potential general innovation features of using bio-based products in procurement are related to the bio-based nature of the product. Examples:

- Reduced Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions and avoidance of GHG emissions; the GHGs emitted during the production of bio-based products have the potential to be lower than their petrochemical equivalent.
Reduced GHG emissions
Biobased PLA has the potential to reduce GHG emissions approximately 30% compared to its petrochemical counterpart.This comparison takes into account CO2 uptake from the atmosphere, polymer production and incineration but excludes GHG avoidance. Future PLA production could amount to 80% savings.
Other innovation aspects: the following aspects are difficult to address directly in tender specifications. However, they directly answer to the different policy aims expressed in the different EU Policy Communications related to the Resource Efficiency, the Circular Economy and Bioeconomy.
- Reduced dependency on crude oil: biomass replaces crude oil as a base material in bio-based products. The crude oil dependency rate of the countries in the European Union was 88.3% in 2013.
- Driver of innovation; bio-based products in procurement can be a driver of innovation by providing industry with incentives for developing bio-based products.
- Achieving social goals – contribute to political priorities; issues such as rural area development, employment generation and support of small and medium sized business could be addressed through bio-based products in procurement.
- Driver of the secondary material market and circular economy; increased use of secondary materials will improve their value and therefore optimize resource efficiency. Through the shared vision of ‘waste is a resource’ the use of biomass waste and by-products will stimulate the circular economy.
Improved Resource Efficiency; this is achieved when using by-products and waste streams for the production of bio-based products.

Specific Innovation Features

Specific innovation features of bio-based products in procurement refer to innovative features which the bio-based product has in comparison to its conventional alternative. Examples of such specific innovative features:
- Financial efficiency (lower total cost of ownership); although bio-based products are often more expensive, their specific capabilities may result in more favourable life-cycle costs. Such an innovation feature could be related to the biodegradability capability of some bio-based products. For example, certain products such as geotextiles, or bio-based piping and tubing can be left in the ground when they’re biodegradable but have to be removed when they’re not. This capability has the potential to reduce life-cycle costs.
- (Improved) biodegradability; In some applications the use of biodegradable and/or compostable bio-based products can be of added value:
- When collection and separation of waste products is not viable and one of the waste products is biomass. For example in catering or outdoor events, food waste and crockery/cups/cutlery is collected. By using compostable products, everything can together be processed for compost.
- Lubricants can leak from the structure they are applied to and spill into the environment. By using biodegradable lubricants, the environmental impact is reduced.
- The use of products which remain in the soil, such as permanent shuttering and certain anchoring systems for trees. By using biodegradable products the presence of non-biodegradable materials in the soil is reduced.

Biodegradability and compostability

Biodegradation is a natural chemical process in which materials are being transformed into natural substances such as water, carbon and biomass with the help of microorganisms. Compostability is a characteristic of a product that enables biodegradation under specific conditions (i.e. a certain temperature, timeframe, etc.).

Available standards to determine biodegradation/compostability:
- EN 13432:2000 Requirements for packaging recoverable through composting and biodegradation
- NF T51-800:2015-11: Plastics – Specifications for plastics suitable for home composting
- ISO 17556:2012 Plastic – Determination of the ultimate aerobic biodegradability of plastic materials in soil
- ASTM D5988-12 Standard test method for determining aerobic biodegradation of Plastic Materials in Soil

Organisations could consider bio-based products in procurement if they would benefit from one or more of the capabilities attributed to the bio-based product, for example:

- An erosion mat made from sheep wool has improved water retention capabilities, which in water constraint areas might lead to improved water use efficiency and increased yields.
- A geotextile which is lighter because the bio-based PLA is lighter than conventionally used polypropylene. This reduced transportation and application costs.
- Depending on the application, bio-based lubricants could improve safety of use as they have a higher flashpoint, constant viscosity and less oil mist and vapour emissions
- Examples of bio-based coatings which contain no VOCs have been found. This reduces human health impact and climate change impact.

Potential Sustainability Issues

Although bio-based products potentially have different capabilities with potentially innovative features, the following aspects should be kept in mind
- Environmental impact over the life cycle of the product (this could be determined through Life Cycle Assessment in accordance with ISO 14040) and;
- Sustainable sourcing of the input material (this could be assessed in accordance with the sustainability criteria for bio-based products from EN 16751 in combination with CEN/TR 16957 - Bio-based products - Guidelines for Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) for the End-of-life phase).

Autore: Royal HaskoningDHV.
Fonte Commissione Europea

Bio-based products

Bio-based products can make the economy more sustainable and lower its dependence on fossil fuels. For this reason, the EU has declared the bio-based products sector to be a priority area with high potential for future growth, reindustrialisation, and addressing societal challenges. An assessment done by the European Commission has indicated that bio-based products and biofuels represent approximately EUR 57 billion in annual revenue and involve 300,000 jobs. According to forecasts, the bio-based share of all chemical sales will rise to 12.3% by 2015 and to 22% by 2020, with a compounded annual growth rate of close to 20%.

What are bio-based products?

Bio-based products are wholly or partly derived from materials of biological origin, excluding materials embedded in geological formations and/or fossilised. In industrial processes, enzymes are used in the production of chemical building blocks, detergents, pulp and paper, textiles, etc. By using fermentation and bio-catalysis instead of traditional chemical synthesis, higher process efficiency can be obtained, resulting in a decrease in energy and water consumption, and a reduction of toxic waste. As they are derived from renewable raw materials such as plants, bio-based products can help reduce CO2 and offer other advantages such as lower toxicity or novel product characteristics (e.g. biodegradable plastic materials).

Scarica questo file (Bio-based Street Furniture.pdf)Bio-based Street Furniture.pdf
EN304 kB900
Scarica questo file (Bio-based Soil Improvers.pdf)Bio-based Soil Improvers.pdf
EN341 kB1126
Scarica questo file (Bio-based Shuttering.pdf)Bio-based Shuttering.pdf
EN318 kB1014
Scarica questo file (Bio-based Pots and Seeding Beds.pdf)Bio-based Pots and Seeding Beds.pdf
EN355 kB1070
Scarica questo file (Bio-based Plant Foil.pdf)Bio-based Plant Foil.pdf
EN314 kB2005
Scarica questo file (Bio-based Geotextiles.pdf)Bio-based Geotextiles.pdf
EN337 kB1759
Scarica questo file (Biobased Coating.pdf)Biobased Coating.pdf
EN316 kB2277
Scarica questo file (Bio-based Clips and Binders.pdf)Bio-based Clips and Binders.pdf
EN321 kB1014
Scarica questo file (Bio-based Asphalt Additives.pdf)Bio-based Asphalt Additives.pdf
EN302 kB1456
Scarica questo file (Handbook.pdf)Handbook.pdf
Bio-based products in procurement
EN269 kB1077
Scarica questo file (Guidance.pdf)Guidance.pdf
Bio-based products in procurement
EN530 kB1311

Tags: Ambiente Emissioni

Articoli correlati

Ultimi archiviati Ambiente

Raccomandazione  UE  2024 1722
Giu 19, 2024 63

Raccomandazione (UE) 2024/1722 della Commissione del 17.06.2024

Raccomandazione (UE) 2024/1722 | Recepimento nuova direttiva sull'efficienza energetica ID 22089 | 19.06.2024 Raccomandazione (UE) 2024/1722 della Commissione, del 17 giugno 2024, che stabilisce orientamenti per l’interpretazione dell’articolo 4 della direttiva (UE) 2023/1791 del Parlamento europeo… Leggi tutto
UNMIG databook 2024
Giu 11, 2024 102

UNMIG databook 2024

UNMIG databook 2024 ID 22042 | 11.06.2024 / In allegato La pubblicazione riporta i dati riferiti alle attività 2023 svolte dagli Uffici territoriali dell’UNMIG e dai Laboratori chimici e mineralogici, unitamente ai dati relativi alla situazione in Italia, al 31 dicembre 2023, delle attività di… Leggi tutto
Linee guida per i Soggetti attuatori MASE v2 0 del 07 06 2024
Giu 10, 2024 129

PNRR - Linee guida per i Soggetti attuatori MASE (v2.0 del 07.06.2024)

PNRR - Linee guida per i Soggetti attuatori MASE (v2.0 del 7 giugno 2024) ID 22040 | 10.06.2024 / In allegato Adottata la nuova versione 2.0 delle Linee Guida per i soggetti attuatori - Istruzioni operative per le attività di gestione finanziaria, monitoraggio, rendicontazione e controllo per gli… Leggi tutto
Raccomandazione  UE  2024 1590
Giu 04, 2024 150

Raccomandazione (UE) 2024/1590

Raccomandazione (UE) 2024/1590 ID 21990 | 04.06.2024 Raccomandazione (UE) 2024/1590 della Commissione, del 28 maggio 2024, sul recepimento degli articoli 8, 9 e 10 recanti le disposizioni relative all'obbligo di risparmio energetico della direttiva (UE) 2023/1791 del Parlamento europeo e del… Leggi tutto
Alberi monumentali italia
Giu 03, 2024 149

Alberi monumentali Italia: Brochure Masaf

Alberi monumentali Italia: Brochure Masaf ID 21986 | 03.06.2024 / Brochure allegata Brochure informativa degli Alberi monumentali d'Italia realizzata con lo scopo di illustrare in sintesi cos'è un Albero monumentale e quali sono i criteri per dichiararne la monumentalità, come segnalare un albero… Leggi tutto
Mag 28, 2024 542

Regolamento (UE) 2024/1468

Regolamento (UE) 2024/1468 ID 21940 | 28.05.2024 Regolamento (UE) 2024/1468 del Parlamento europeo e del Consiglio, del 14 maggio 2024, che modifica i regolamenti (UE) 2021/2115 e (UE) 2021/2116 per quanto riguarda le norme sulle buone condizioni agronomiche e ambientali, i regimi per il clima,… Leggi tutto

Più letti Ambiente