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ISO/TR 7015:2023

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ISO TR 7015 2023   Ergonomics application construction sector

ISO/TR 7015:2023 / Ergonomics application of ISO/TR 12295, ISO 11226, ISO 11228, ISO/TR 23476 in the construction sector

ID 19705 | 27.05.2023 / In allegato preview

ISO/TR 7015:2023
Ergonomics - The application of ISO/TR 12295, ISO 11226, the ISO 11228 series and ISO/TR 23476 in the construction sector (civil construction)

Date: April 2023

This document is intended to be used alongside ISO/TR 12295, ISO 11226, the ISO 11228 series and ISO/TR 23476 in the construction sector.

This document (although the examples shown refer only to the civil construction sector) gives information on how existing standards can be used in a global sector, such as construction. Where biomechanical overload is a relevant aspect, albeit with different characteristics, work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are common and specific preventive actions are needed.

This document is intended to:

1) define the user(s) and fields for its application (including non-experts in ergonomics);

2) provide examples of procedures for hazard identification, risk estimation or evaluation and risk reduction in different agricultural settings, through:

more synthetic procedural schemes (main test);
more analytical explanations of the procedures, through mathematical models and application examples, and with the use of specific free simple tools in Annexes A, B and C.

1 Scope
2 Normative references
3 Terms and definitions
4 General outline of work processes in an annual multi-task analysis in civil construction
4.1 General structure of a multi-task analysis
4.2 Study of tasks distribution over the year on groups of workers who are homogeneous in terms of risk exposure
5 First levels: pre-mapping of danger and discomfort through key questions and quick assessment
5.1 Foreword
5.2 The pre-mapping model
6 Analytical study of work processes in annual multi-task analysis: description of a typical working day for each month and quantitative task distribution over the year
6.1 General
6.2 Phase A – Description of a typical working day
6.3 Phase B – Estimation of total number of hours worked every month of the year
6.4 Phase C – Assignment of tasks to a homogeneous group (or individual worker) and calculation of proportional tasks duration in each individual month
7 Annual multi-task risk assessment of biomechanical overload for the upper limbs
7.1 General
7.2 Phase A – Analysis of each individual task using the OCRA checklist to calculate the intrinsic risk score and prepare the tasks basic risk evaluation for each crop
7.3 Phase B – Application of mathematical models and preliminary preparation of artificial working day representative of the whole year and of every month of the same year
8 Annual multi-task risk assessment for working postures
8.1 The meaning of postural tolerance
8.2 Analysing the tolerability of working postures for the spine when performing manual lifting tasks, and for the upper limbs when performing repetitive movements and manual lifting: specific International Stand
8.3 Analysing spinal working postures without manual load lifting and lower limb postures (primarily static)
8.4 The TACOS method: contents and criteria for back and lower limb posture analysis
8.5 Posture analysis of a multi-task job performed on a full-time or part-time basis with yearly job rotation
9 Annual multi-task risk assessment of manual material handling (MMH) and carrying
10 Annual multi-task risk assessment of pushing and pulling
11 Manual material carrying (MMC) risk assessment
12 Conclusions

Annex A Initial identification and preliminary assessment (pre-mapping) of potential risks: criteria and presentation of a specific simple tool that allows its application
A.1 Aim
A.2 General pre-mapping model for civil construction – A facilitated organizational analysis
A.3 Similarities and differences between pre-mapping ERGOCHECK for construction and the classic ERGOCHECK model
A.4 A comparison between the summary of final results for the various homogeneous groups – conclusions

Annex B Criteria and mathematical models for analysing exposure to biomechanical overload in multitask jobs featuring complex macro-cycles (e.g. weekly, monthly, annual turnover)
B.1 Introduction
B.2 Daily job rotation
B.3 Rotations over periods longer than a day: the macro cycle (e.g. weekly, monthly, yearly)
B.4 Conclusions
B.5 Examples of evaluating the final risk in exposure to biomechanical overload

Annex C Criteria to evaluate working postures of the spine and lower limbs using the TACOS strategy in daily or other macro-cycle multi-task analysis: brief presentation
C.1 Preface
C.2 Why a new approach is needed: TACOS method contents and criteria for back and lower limb posture analysis
C.3 Timed score for postures calculation methods in multi-task exposure scenarios
C.4 Conclusions

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