Slide background
Slide background

Impacts of REACH authorisation of trichloroethylene

ID 16378 | | Visite: 469 | Documenti Chemicals ECHAPermalink:

Impacts of REACH authorisation of trichloroethylene

Impacts of REACH authorisation of trichloroethylene

ID 16378 | 12.04.2022 / In allegato Studio

ECHA, March 2022

The European Commission added trichloroethylene (TCE) to the REACH Authorisation List (Annex XIV to REACH) in 2013 for all its uses because of its carcinogenic effects. It causes serious eye and skin irritation, and is suspected of causing genetic defects. REACH registration data shows that the quantities of TCE available on the EU market were about 50 000 tonnes in 2010. Since 2016, users were required to have an authorisation for its continued use.

This report takes a closer look at the applications for authorisation to estimate the impacts that the REACH authorisation requirement has had on uses of TCE in the European Union (EU).

As of January 2022, authorisations for 18 uses had been granted by the European Commission to 11 companies, 15 of these authorisations are still valid at the time of writing. ECHA has not received any review reports (that is, applications for renewed authorisation) after 2020 for the use of TCE in industrial metal parts cleaning. The same was also the case for uses in rubber coated conveyor belts in underground hard coal mining, the synthesis of vulcanisation accelerating agents for fluoroelastomers and the extraction solvent for bitumen in asphalt analysis. These uses and the corresponding tonnages have either already ceased or will cease soon, once the authorisation expires in 2023.

Following the initial authorisations, ECHA has received five review reports applying to continue the use of TCE. The aggregated volume in these uses is around 300 tonnes per year. In addition, the authorisation holders have the Commission’s authorisation to use about 800 tonnes of TCE per year for uses that are currently authorised. As there are no other authorised uses (apart from packaging and formulation) in the EU in 2022, it can be concluded that over 95 % of uses of TCE within the scope of authorisation have been phased out in the EU since the substance was added to the Candidate List in 2010.

While there may be other reasons for this significant decline, it seems that the authorisation requirement has been its main driver. As the use of TCE has declined in the EU, alternatives have been used. While ECHA does not have a full picture of all alternatives, it is clear from a study made by the University of Gothenburg (FRAM 2021) that the most common substitute for TCE used in industrial metals part cleaning has been perchloroethylene (PER). PER is toxic to aquatic life with long-lasting effects and is also suspected of causing cancer. For vulcanisation accelerating agents the authorisation holder has found acetonitrile as technically and economically feasible substitute to TCE.

In conclusion, the authorisation requirement of TCE has reduced the volumes used and, as such, the risks related to its use. However, if the risks of the alternatives are not addressed, the overall risk reduction may diminish as risks related to the use of alternatives may increase through substitution. Therefore, it is recommended to address the risks of structurally related substances simultaneously in groups.


Table of Contents





Status of received review reports
Current uses of trichloroethylene




Table of Figures
Figure 1 Estimated TCE volumes imported and manufactured in the EU, 2010-2019

Table of Tables
Table 1: Regulatory status of applications of trichroloroethylene as of January 2022
Table 2: Regulatory status of trichroloroethylene, excluding expired and expiring authorisations as well as packaging and formulation, as of January 2022




Descrizione Livello Dimensione Downloads
Allegato riservato Impacts of REACH authorisation of trichloroethylene.pdf
ECHA March 2022
945 kB 1

Tags: Chemicals Reach Abbonati Chemicals Candidate list Guida ECHA

Articoli correlati

Ultimi archiviati Chemicals

Mar 27, 2023 21

Decreto 20 marzo 2023

Decreto 20 marzo 2023 ID 19326 | 27.03.2023 Frequenza dei controlli fisici sulle partite di prodotti biologici e in conversione prima della loro immissione in libera pratica determinata in base alla valutazione della probabilita' di non conformita' alle disposizioni del regolamento (UE) 2018/848… Leggi tutto
Regolamento di esecuzione  UE  2023 680
Mar 24, 2023 55

Regolamento di esecuzione (UE) 2023/680

Regolamento di esecuzione (UE) 2023/680 / Approvazione Cloruro di alchil (C12-16) dimetilbenzilammonio Biocidi tipo prodotto 1 ID 19301 | 24.03.2023 Regolamento di esecuzione (UE) 2023/680 della Commissione del 23 marzo 2023 che approva il cloruro di alchil (C12-16) dimetilbenzilammonio (ADBAC/BKC… Leggi tutto
Regulatory strategy for flame retardants
Mar 15, 2023 85

Regulatory strategy for flame retardants

Regulatory strategy for flame retardants ID 19212 | ECHA 15.03.2023 Aromatic brominated flame retardants, such as polybrominated diphenyl ethers, are generally persistent in the environment. Many, like decabromodiphenylether, are also known or suspected of being toxic and accumulating in people and… Leggi tutto
REACH Authorisation List
Mar 09, 2023 52

REACH Authorisation Decisions List | Last update 09.03.2023

REACH Authorisation Decisions List / Last update: 09.03.2023 REACH Authorisation Decisions List of authorisation decisions adopted on the basis of Article 64 of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (REACH). The list also includes reference to related documentation concerning all applications for… Leggi tutto
Guidance for monomers and polymers
Mar 08, 2023 94

Guidance for monomers and polymers

Guidance for monomers and polymers | ECHA Version 3.0 - February 2023 ID 19176 | 08.03.2023 / In allegato Linee guida ECHA Version 3.0 - February 2023 Polymers are the material of choice in a vast range of applications such as packaging, building and construction, transportation, electrical and… Leggi tutto
Regolamento UE 2023 465
Mar 06, 2023 262

Regolamento (UE) 2023/465

Regolamento (UE) 2023/465 / Tenori massimi di arsenico in alcuni alimenti ID 19148 | 06.03.2023 Regolamento (UE) 2023/465 della Commissione del 3 marzo 2023 recante modifica del regolamento (CE) n. 1881/2006 per quanto riguarda i tenori massimi di arsenico in alcuni alimenti GU L 68/51 del 6.3.2023… Leggi tutto

Più letti Chemicals

Regolamento  CE  n  178 2002
Ott 24, 2022 77839

Regolamento (CE) N. 178/2002

Regolamento (CE) n. 178/2002 Regolamento (CE) n. 178/2002 del Parlamento europeo e del Consiglio del 28 gennaio 2002 che stabilisce i principi e i requisiti generali della legislazione alimentare, istituisce l'Autorità europea per la sicurezza alimentare e fissa procedure nel campo della sicurezza… Leggi tutto