Slide background
Slide background
Slide background




Report Bio-waste in Europe EEA 2020

ID 11801 | | Visite: 206 | Documenti Ambiente EntiPermalink: https://www.certifico.com/id/11801

Report Bio Waste in Europa EEA 2020

Report Bio-waste in Europe EEA 2020

This report provides an overview of bio-waste prevention, generation, collection and treatment in Europe.

It aims to support countries by sharing experience and best practice. Bio-waste (Box ES.1) can play an important role in the transition to a circular economy, by both preventing its generation and capturing its potential as a source of valuable secondary resources (Figure ES.1). The focus of this report is on food and garden waste from households and similar public and commercial activities such as food services.

European circular economy and waste policies
increasingly address bio-waste as one of several key waste streams.
These include new targets for the recycling and preparing for reuse of municipal waste and an obligation for separate collection for bio-waste. Moreover, EU Member States are required to monitor food waste generation and to have a food waste prevention programme, supporting Sustainable Development Goal 12.3 — to halve food waste by 2030. The 'Farm to fork' strategy on sustainable food within the EU's Green Deal (EC, 2019a) will reinforce food waste prevention.

Bio-waste accounts for more than 34 % of the municipal solid waste generated, amounting to 86 million tonnes in 2017 in the EU-28 (28 EU Member States for the period 2013-2020). Recycling bio-waste is therefore crucial for meeting the EU target to recycle 65 % of municipal waste by 2035.

The level of separate bio-waste collection differs considerably across Europe. Many countries are far from capturing bio-waste's full potential. Implementing a separate bio-waste collection system is a sometimes lengthy and always complex process. It needs a comprehensive and coordinated policy framework embedding a bio-waste strategy into broader waste and circular economy strategies.

Targets or pay-as-you-throw schemes will create clear incentives to divert bio-waste from residual waste. Awareness-raising activities, providing good information to consumers and matching treatment capacity to the volume of separately collected bio-waste are other crucial factors.

Food waste accounts for nearly two thirds (60 %) of all bio-waste from households and similar sources. More than other waste types, preventing food waste is perceived as an ethical responsibility for society. It is associated with a waste of economic resources and their resulting negative environmental externalities. Generally, in the majority of European countries, food waste stands out as a priority in waste prevention policies. The most common policy actions to address food waste are awareness-raising and information campaigns.

Other common measures are food redistribution platforms and increasing promotion of retailers' second-class food sales. However, measuring the effectiveness of waste prevention activities or policies is still a challenge. In the future, harmonised data should enable us to compare the potential impact of different policy mixes for preventing food waste applied in European countries.

Composting (treatment in the presence of oxygen) and anaerobic digestion (treatment in the absence of oxygen) are currently the two most widely applied treatment techniques. Composting dominates the treatment capacity but the use of anaerobic digestion is increasing.

Anaerobic digestion generates biogas and is thus a source of renewable energy. The preferred treatment technique depends on the composition of the bio-waste and the properties of the separate collection system, but anaerobic digestion tends to deliver higher environmental benefits.

Box ES.1 What is bio-waste?

According to the Waste Framework Directive's definition, bio-waste comprises 'biodegradable garden and park waste, food and kitchen waste from households, offices, restaurants, wholesale, canteens, caterers and retail premises and comparable waste from food-processing plants'. Food waste, a key component of bio-waste, can be edible (e.g. food purchased but not eaten, leftovers from meals) or non-edible (e.g. banana peel or bones). The edible part is targeted by food waste prevention measures. Apart from bio-waste, there are other biodegradable wastes, for example paper and cardboard waste, wood waste and natural fibres in textiles. However, these are outside the definition of bio-waste and are not addressed in this report.

Collegati



Tags: Ambiente Rifiuti Abbonati Ambiente

Articoli correlati

Ultimi archiviati Ambiente

Giu 11, 2021 17

Direttiva (UE) 2015/1513

Direttiva (UE) 2015/1513 Direttiva (UE) 2015/1513 del Parlamento europeo e del Consiglio, del 9 settembre 2015, che modifica la direttiva 98/70/CE, relativa alla qualità della benzina e del combustibile diesel, e la direttiva 2009/28/CE, sulla promozione dell'uso dell'energia da fonti rinnovabili… Leggi tutto
Revision of EU ecolabel criteria for cosmetic products
Giu 07, 2021 56

Revision of EU ecolabel criteria for cosmetic products

Revision of EU ecolabel criteria for cosmetic products Revision of EU ecolabel criteria for cosmetic products and animal care products (previously Rinse-off Cosmetic Products)This Technical Report aims at providing a technical basis to the revision process of the EU Ecolabel criteria for Rinse-off… Leggi tutto
Giu 03, 2021 48

Decisione 94/3/CE

Decisione 94/3/CE Decisione 94/3/CE della Commissione, del 20 dicembre 1993, che istituisce un elenco di rifiuti conformemente all'articolo 1 a) della direttiva 75/442/CEE del Consiglio relativa ai rifiuti (GU L 5 del 7.1.1994) Abrogata da: Decisione 2000/532/CE della Commissione, del 3 maggio… Leggi tutto
Giu 03, 2021 44

Decisione 94/904/CE

Decisione 94/904/CE Decisione del Consiglio, del 22 dicembre 1994, che istituisce un elenco di rifiuti pericolosi ai sensi dell'articolo 1, paragrafo 4 della direttiva 91/689/CEE relativa ai rifiuti pericolosi (GU L 356 del 31.12.1994) Abrogata da: Decisione 2000/532/CE della Commissione, del 3… Leggi tutto
Decreto 21 maggio 2021
Mag 31, 2021 76

Decreto 21 maggio 2021

Decreto 21 maggio 2021 Determinazione degli obiettivi quantitativi nazionali di risparmio energetico che possono essere perseguiti dalle imprese di distribuzione dell'energia elettrica e del gas per gli anni 2021-2024 (cd. certificati bianchi). (GU n.128 del 31.05.2021) ...… Leggi tutto

Più letti Ambiente