Slide background
Slide background
Slide background




Bathing Water Management in Europe

ID 11396 | | Visite: 509 | Documenti Ambiente UEPermalink: https://www.certifico.com/id/11396

Bathing water management in Europe

Bathing Water Management in Europe

EEA, 2020

Swimming is consistently among the top public outdoor recreational activities in Europe and has numerous positive effects on human health and psychology. Bathing sites are often very attractive tourist destinations. The need to protect and improve bathing water quality in both marine and freshwater environments is thus a key issue for policy makers and environmental managers.

For decades, European countries have shared a common vision to sustain good quality bathing waters. Efforts to achieve this target have been prompted and supported by the Bathing Water Directive, introduced in 1976. The Bathing Water Directive (BWD) was revised in 2006. The update was based on up-to-date scientific evidence on the most reliable indicator parameters for predicting microbiological health risk for designated European bathing waters. In addition, the updated BWD simplified its management and surveillance methods.

The bathing season in Europe usually lasts from May to September. During that time, local and national authorities take bathing water samples and analyse them for the types of bacteria which indicate pollution from sewage or livestock (e.g. Escherichia coli and intestinal enterococci). Based on the levels of bacteria detected, bathing water quality is then classified as ‘excellent’, ‘good’, ‘sufficient’ or ‘poor’.

All European Member States make great efforts to improve the quality of existing bathing waters, to provide up-to-date information on their state to the public, and to make bathing feasible in urbanised and formerly heavily polluted surface waters. Significant investments in urban waste water treatment plants, improvements in sewage networks and other measures have contributed to a reduction in ‘poor’ bathing water quality in more than 3000 large cities in Europe. Safe bathing is now possible in many European capitals – including Amsterdam, Berlin, Budapest, Copenhagen, London, Riga and Vienna, – a feat that would have been unimaginable in the 1970s.

Thanks to successful environmental policy and management guided by the BWD, the percentage of European bathing waters achieving at least ‘sufficient’ quality (the minimum quality standards set by BWD)increased from just 74% in 1991 to over 95% in 2003, and has remained quite stable since then. The percentage of bathing waters at the highest water quality (classified as ‘excellent’) has increased from 53% in 1991 to 85% in 2019. Thanks to common European action, more than eight out of ten of Europe’s monitored bathing waters now have ‘excellent’ water quality.

Fonte: EEA

Collegati:

Descrizione Livello Dimensione Downloads
Allegato riservato Bathing Water Management in Europe.pdf
 
5020 kB 5

Tags: Ambiente Abbonati Ambiente Acque

Articoli correlati

Ultimi archiviati Ambiente

Gen 17, 2022 38

Accordo Stato-regioni del 7 maggio 2015

Accordo Stato-regioni del 7 maggio 2015 / Rep. Atti n. 80/CSR del 7 maggio 2015 Accardo, ai sensi degli articoli 2, comma 1, lettera b) e 4, comma 1 del decreto legislative 28 agosto 1997, n. 281, tra ii Governo, le Regioni e le Province autonome di Trento e di Balzano concernente la qualificazione… Leggi tutto
Gen 16, 2022 43

Decreto 25 luglio 2016

Decreto 25 luglio 2016 Tariffe a carico degli operatori per le attivita' previste dal decreto legislativo n. 30/2013 per la gestione del sistema UE-ETS. (GU n.224 del 24.09.2016) [box-note]Decreto abrogato Decreto 6 dicembre 2021 Dalla data di entrata in vigore del presente decreto (31.12.2021) è… Leggi tutto
Decreto 6 dicembre 2021
Gen 16, 2022 44

Decreto 6 dicembre 2021

Decreto 6 dicembre 2021 / Regime tariffario in EU ETS Regime tariffario in EU ETS (European Emissions Trading System) (GU n.310 del 31.12.2021) _______ Art. 1. Finalità e oggetto 1. Il decreto disciplina le tariffe relative alle attività di cui all’art. 46, comma 2, del decreto legislativo 9 giugno… Leggi tutto
Regolamento di esecuzione  UE  n  540 2011
Gen 11, 2022 78

Regolamento di esecuzione (UE) n. 540/2011

Regolamento di esecuzione (UE) n. 540/2011 / Aggiornato 11.01.2022 Regolamento di esecuzione (UE) n. 540/2011 della Commissione del 25 maggio 2011 recante disposizioni di attuazione del regolamento (CE) n. 1107/2009 del Parlamento europeo e del Consiglio per quanto riguarda l'elenco delle sostanze… Leggi tutto
Gen 09, 2022 60

Delibera 21 maggio 2019 192 2019/R/eel

Delibera 21 maggio 2019 192 2019/R/eel Il presente provvedimento contiene disposizioni necessarie all'attuazione delle misure di agevolazione per le imprese a forte consumo di energia elettrica di cui al DM 21 dicembre 2017, già disciplinate dalle principali deliberazioni 921/2017/R/eel e… Leggi tutto

Più letti Ambiente