Slide background
Slide background
Slide background




Digestate and compost as fertilisers: Risk assessment and risk management options

ID 10286 | | Visite: 1379 | Documenti Ambiente UEPermalink: https://www.certifico.com/id/10286

Digestate and compost as fertilisers   Risk assessment and risk management options

Digestate and compost as fertilisers: Risk assessment and risk management options

This is the final report for a project on ”Digestate and compost as organic fertilisers – Risk assessment and risk management options” (reference FC/2015/0010 - SR3 under Framework Contract ENV.A.3/FRA/2015/0010), prepared by Wood with partners Peter Fisk Associates and Ramboll for the European Commission, DG Environment. The aim of the project was to prepare an environmental and human health risk assessment and a risk management options analysis (RMOA) to provide a sound basis for decision making on the need to propose any regulatory measures to control the risks associated with contaminants in compost and digestate (hereafter referred to as C/D) used as a fertiliser and soil improver. This included a socio-economic analysis of the impacts of possible risk management action.

The market analysis involved collecting available information on all uses and related tonnages of digestate and compost in the European Union, as well as their input materials. The analysis involved a combination of a targeted stakeholder consultation and a review of relevant literature and statistical sources.

For compost we estimate that the current annual EU production of compost amounts to 17.3 million tonnes per year as a central estimate (with a possible range of 13-18 million tonnes). The vast majority of this (ca 14 million tonnes) is derived from green waste and separately collected biowaste, while some 800,000 tonnes are produced from sewage sludge1 . Some sources suggest that compost is (or at least has been) produced from mechanical biological treatment (MBT) of mixed MSW in some smaller countries, but a current EU-wide figure could not be derived. It is estimated that the majority (ca. 85%) of compost is used as a fertiliser or soil improver in agriculture, gardening, horticulture and landscaping.

For digestate, our analysis suggests that around 180 million tonnes of digestate are produced in the EU28 per year, almost half of this in Germany. With 120 million tonnes, the majority of digestate produced in the EU is agricultural digestate (typically a mix of manure and plants, particularly energy crops). About 46 million tonnes are produced from the organic fraction of mixed MSW (mechanical biological treatment – MBT), at least 7 million tonnes from source separated biowaste and smaller quantities (ca. 1.7 million tonnes each) from sewage sludge and agro/food industry by-products. The vast majority of digestate is used directly as a fertiliser.

European Commission 2019
...

add in attachment

Descrizione Livello Dimensione Downloads
Allegato riservato Digestate and Compost RMOA - Final report 2019.pdf
EU 2019
8684 kB 3

Tags: Ambiente Rifiuti Abbonati Ambiente

Articoli correlati

Ultimi archiviati Ambiente

Linee guida pianificazione integrata inquinamento acustico urbano
Mag 24, 2022 65

Linee guida pianificazione integrata inquinamento acustico urbano

Linee Guida per una pianificazione integrata dell'inquinamento acustico in ambito urbano (HUSH Harmonization of Urban noise reduction Strategies for Homogeneous action plans) L’inquinamento acustico ambientale è considerato uno dei maggiori problemi ambientali, con elevato e diffuso impatto sulla… Leggi tutto
Regolamento delegato UE 2022 759
Mag 18, 2022 88

Regolamento delegato (UE) 2022/759

Regolamento delegato (UE) 2022/759 / Modifica Alleg. VII RED II Regolamento delegato (UE) 2022/759 della Commissione del 14 dicembre 2021 che modifica l’allegato VII della direttiva (UE) 2018/2001 per quanto riguarda la metodologia di calcolo della quantità di energia rinnovabile usata per il… Leggi tutto
Mag 16, 2022 53

Direttiva 2002/63/CE

Direttiva 2002/63/CE Direttiva 2002/63/CE della Commissione, dell'11 luglio 2002, che stabilisce metodi comunitari di campionamento ai fini del controllo ufficiale dei residui di antiparassitari sui e nei prodotti alimentari di origine vegetale e animale e che abroga la direttiva 79/700/CEE GU L… Leggi tutto
Mag 16, 2022 68

Regolamento di esecuzione (UE) 2021/601

Regolamento di esecuzione (UE) 2021/601 Regolamento di esecuzione (UE) 2021/601 della Commissione del 13 aprile 2021 relativo a un programma coordinato di controllo pluriennale dell’Unione per il 2022, il 2023 e il 2024, destinato a garantire il rispetto dei livelli massimi di residui di… Leggi tutto
Mag 16, 2022 56

Regolamento di esecuzione (UE) 2022/741

Regolamento di esecuzione (UE) 2022/741 Regolamento di esecuzione (UE) 2022/741 della Commissione del 13 maggio 2022 relativo a un programma coordinato di controllo pluriennale dell’Unione per il 2023, il 2024 e il 2025, destinato a garantire il rispetto dei livelli massimi di residui di… Leggi tutto

Più letti Ambiente